VHDL code for 8-bit Comparator

VHDL code for a 8-bit comparator is presented in this post. 74F521 is an 8-bit identity comparator which provides the low output if two 8-bit inputs are matched. 

Below are the truth table and symbol of the comparator.

VHDL code for comparator
Truth table

VHDL code for comparator
Logic symbol of the comparator

VHDL code for comparator
Logic diagram (from datasheet of 74L521)

VHDL code for the comparator:

library IEEE;
use IEEE.STD_LOGIC_1164.ALL;
-- VHDL project: VHDL code for comparator
-- fpga4student.com FPGA projects, Verilog projects, VHDL projects
entity comparator is port ( clock: in std_logic; -- clock for synchronization A,B: in std_logic_vector(7 downto 0); -- Two inputs IAB: in std_logic; -- Expansion input ( Active low) Output: out std_logic -- Output = 0 when A = B ); end comparator; architecture Behavioral of comparator is signal AB: std_logic_vector(7 downto 0); -- temporary variables signal Result: std_logic; begin AB(0) <= (not A(0)) xnor (not B(0)); -- combinational circuit AB(1) <= (not A(1)) xnor (not B(1)); AB(2) <= (not A(2)) xnor (not B(2)); AB(3) <= (not A(3)) xnor (not B(3)); AB(4) <= (not A(4)) xnor (not B(4)); AB(5) <= (not A(5)) xnor (not B(5)); AB(6) <= (not A(6)) xnor (not B(6)); AB(7) <= (not A(7)) xnor (not B(7)); -- fpga4student.com FPGA projects, Verilog projects, VHDL projects process(clock) begin if(rising_edge(clock))then if(AB = x"FF" and IAB = '0') then -- check whether A = B and IAB =0 or not Result <= '0'; else Result <= '1'; end if; end if; end process; Output <= Result; end Behavioral;

Testbench VHDL code for the comparator:

--------------------------------------------------------------------
LIBRARY ieee;
USE ieee.std_logic_1164.ALL;
-- fpga4student.com FPGA projects, Verilog projects, VHDL projects
-- VHDL project: VHDL code for comparator
ENTITY tb_comparator IS
END tb_comparator;
ARCHITECTURE behavior OF tb_comparator IS 
    -- Component Declaration for the Unit Under Test (UUT)
    COMPONENT comparator
    PORT(
         clock : IN  std_logic;
         A : IN  std_logic_vector(7 downto 0);
         B : IN  std_logic_vector(7 downto 0);
         IAB : IN  std_logic;
         Output : OUT  std_logic
        );
    END COMPONENT;
   --Inputs
   signal clock : std_logic := '0';
   signal A : std_logic_vector(7 downto 0) := (others => '0');
   signal B : std_logic_vector(7 downto 0) := (others => '0');
   signal IAB : std_logic := '0';
 --Outputs
   signal Output : std_logic;
   -- Clock period definitions
   constant clock_period : time := 10 ns;
 BEGIN
  -- Instantiate the Unit Under Test (UUT)
   uut: comparator PORT MAP (
          clock => clock,
          A => A,
          B => B,
          IAB => IAB,
          Output => Output
        );
   -- Clock process definitions
   clock_process :process
   begin
 clock <= '0';
 wait for clock_period/2;
 clock <= '1';
 wait for clock_period/2;
   end process;
    -- Stimulus process
   stim_proc: process
   begin 
      -- hold reset state for 100 ns.
      wait for 100 ns; 
 A <= x"AA";
 B <= x"BB";
      wait for clock_period*10;
 B <= x"AA";
      -- insert stimulus here 
      wait;
   end process;
-- fpga4student.com FPGA projects, Verilog projects, VHDL projects
END;

Simulation waveform for the comparator:

verilog/ VHDL code for 8-bit comparator
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