## In this VHDL project, a simple low pass FIR filter is implemented in VHDL for ECG Denoising. VHDL code for the FIR filter is fully presented.

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**The VHDL code for the FIR filter is simulated and verified by comparing the simulated results in Modelsim with the correct results generated from Matlab. Sample ECG inputs are provided in input.txt files, the VHDL filter code reads those ECG files, apply digital filtering, and write the results into output.txt files for verification. **

**It is obvious that one of the most critical steps in ECG digital signal processing is noise filtering because ECG signals are noisily affected by many different sources such as Baseline Wander, EMG interference, and power line noise. Those noises can be reduced by many filters as shown in the figure above. This project is to implement a low pass FIR Filter in VHDL to reduce high-frequency noise and power-line interference.**

**The specification of the filter as follows:**

**Order: 10****Tap: 11****8-bit signed integer coefficients as shown below:**

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**In this project, the regular implementation of the FIR filter as shown in the following figure is implemented in VHDL.**

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**The FIR filter is basically implemented by using D-Flip-Flops, signed multipliers and adders. A basic block includes one N-bit register, one multiplier, and one adder. The VHDL generate statement is used to generate the full design using the basic block.**

**The FIR filter is basically implemented by using D-Flip-Flops, signed multipliers and adders. A basic block includes one N-bit register, one multiplier, and one adder. The VHDL generate statement is used to generate the full design using the basic block.**

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**VHDL code for the low pass FIR filter:**

Library IEEE; USE IEEE.Std_logic_1164.all; USE IEEE.Std_logic_signed.all; -- fpga4student.com: FPGA projects, VHDL projects, Verilog projects -- LOW pass FIR filter for ECG Denoising -- VHDL project: VHDL code for FIR filter entity FIR_RI is -- VHDL projects generic ( input_width : integer :=8 ;-- set input width by user output_width : integer :=16 ;-- set output width by user coef_width : integer :=8 ;-- set coefficient width by user tap : integer :=11 ;-- set filter order guard : integer :=0) ;-- log2(tap)+1 port( Din : in std_logic_vector(input_width-1 downto 0) ;-- input data Clk : in std_logic ;-- input clk reset : in std_logic ;-- input reset Dout : out std_logic_vector(output_width-1 downto 0)) ;-- output data end FIR_RI; architecture behaivioral of FIR_RI is -- N bit Register component N_bit_Reg generic ( input_width : integer :=8 ); port( Q : out std_logic_vector(input_width-1 downto 0); Clk :in std_logic; reset :in std_logic; D :in std_logic_vector(input_width-1 downto 0) ); end component; -- fpga4student.com: FPGA projects, VHDL projects, Verilog projects type Coeficient_type is array (1 to tap) of std_logic_vector(coef_width-1 downto 0); -----------------------------------FIR filter coefficients---------------------------------------------------------------- constant coeficient: coeficient_type := ( X"F1", X"F3", X"07", X"26", X"42", X"4E", X"42", X"26", X"07", X"F3", X"F1" ); ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- type shift_reg_type is array (0 to tap-1) of std_logic_vector(input_width-1 downto 0); signal shift_reg : shift_reg_type; type mult_type is array (0 to tap-1) of std_logic_vector(input_width+coef_width-1 downto 0); signal mult : mult_type; type ADD_type is array (0 to tap-1) of std_logic_vector(input_width+coef_width-1 downto 0); signal ADD: ADD_type; begin -- fpga4student.com: FPGA projects, VHDL projects, Verilog projects shift_reg(0) <= Din; mult(0)<= Din*coeficient(1); ADD(0)<= Din*coeficient(1); GEN_FIR: for i in 0 to tap-2 generate begin -- N-bit reg unit N_bit_Reg_unit : N_bit_Reg generic map (input_width => 8) port map ( Clk => Clk, reset => reset, D => shift_reg(i), Q => shift_reg(i+1) ); -- filter multiplication mult(i+1)<= shift_reg(i+1)*coeficient(i+2); -- filter conbinational addition ADD(i+1)<=ADD(i)+mult(i+1); end generate GEN_FIR; Dout <= ADD(tap-1); end Architecture; Library IEEE; USE IEEE.Std_logic_1164.all; -- fpga4student.com: FPGA projects, VHDL projects, Verilog projects -- LOW pass FIR filter for ECG Denoising -- VHDL project: VHDL code for FIR filter -- N-bit Register in VHDL entity N_bit_Reg is generic ( input_width : integer :=8 ); port( Q : out std_logic_vector(input_width-1 downto 0); Clk :in std_logic; reset :in std_logic; D :in std_logic_vector(input_width-1 downto 0) ); end N_bit_Reg; -- fpga4student.com: FPGA projects, VHDL projects, Verilog projects architecture Behavioral of N_bit_Reg is begin process(Clk,reset) begin if (reset = '1') then Q <= (others => '0'); elsif ( rising_edge(Clk) ) then Q <= D; end if; end process; end Behavioral;

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**Testbench VHDL code for the FIR filter:**

**Testbench VHDL code for the FIR filter:**

Library IEEE; USE IEEE.Std_logic_1164.all; USE IEEE.numeric_std.all; Use STD.TEXTIO.all; -- fpga4student.com: FPGA projects, VHDL projects, Verilog projects -- VHDL project: VHDL code for FIR filter -- Testbench VHDL code for FIR Filter entity TB_FIR is end TB_FIR; architecture behaivioral of TB_FIR is Component FIR_RI is generic ( input_width : integer :=8 ; -- set input width by user output_width : integer :=16 ; -- set output width by user coef_width : integer :=8 ; -- set coefficient width by user tap : integer :=11 ; -- set filter order guard : integer :=4) ; -- log2(tap)+1 port( Din : in std_logic_vector(input_width-1 downto 0) ; -- input data Clk : in std_logic ; -- input clk reset : in std_logic ; -- input reset Dout : out std_logic_vector(output_width-1 downto 0)) ;-- output data end Component; signal Din : std_logic_vector(7 downto 0) ; signal Clk : std_logic:='0' ; signal reset : std_logic:='1' ; signal output_ready : std_logic:='0'; signal Dout : std_logic_vector(15 downto 0) ; signal input: std_logic_vector(7 downto 0); file my_input : TEXT open READ_MODE is "input101.txt"; file my_output : TEXT open WRITE_MODE is "output101_functional_sim.txt"; begin -- fpga4student.com: FPGA projects, VHDL projects, Verilog projects FIR_int : FIR_RI generic map( input_width => 8, output_width => 16, coef_width => 8, tap => 11, guard => 0) port map ( Din => Din, Clk => Clk, reset => reset, Dout => Dout ); process(clk) begin Clk <= not Clk after 10 ns; end process; reset <= '1', '1' after 100 ns, '0' after 503 ns; -- fpga4student.com: FPGA projects, VHDL projects, Verilog projects -- Writing output result to output file process(clk) variable my_input_line : LINE; variable input1: integer; begin if reset ='1' then Din <= (others=> '0'); input <= (others=> '0'); output_ready <= '0'; elsif rising_edge(clk) then readline(my_input, my_input_line); read(my_input_line,input1); Din <= std_logic_vector(to_signed(input1, 8)); --Din<=input(7 downto 0); output_ready <= '1'; end if; end process; process(clk) variable my_output_line : LINE; variable input1: integer; begin if falling_edge(clk) then if output_ready ='1' then write(my_output_line, to_integer(signed(Dout))); writeline(my_output,my_output_line); end if; end if; end process; end Architecture;

**After running simulations in Modelsim, the filtered output is written into output.txt for verification. The verification is done by comparing the output file with the correct result generated from Matlab.**

**Download sample inputs and output from Matlab**

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Like to run this on my Arty board but is having a hard time to get the ADC configured.Any help for a ADC interface available?

ReplyDeleteFind an ADC chip or module such as MCP3001 or PMOD ADC Digilent

Deletewhat is sampling frequency?

ReplyDeleteThis is a regular implementation of FIR Filter. It is not designed by using frequency sampling method.

DeleteHey,

ReplyDeleteI've got a problem with this line in the code : write(my_output_line, to_integer(signed(Dout))); The compilator in ISE is saying : "Second argument of write must have a constant value". I dont' know how to fix this issue. Thanks for your help

You compiled or synthesized the testbench, that's why you got that error. You only run simulation with the testbench. Synthesize the top level only (FIR_RI).

DeleteThanks for your quick help. Yes indeed, I've compiled the test bench. So, the testbench just has to be written as a module, I thought it was the main module (top level) to compile ? Sorry, I'm a beginner !!

DeleteThank you for the code, i am having a problem with input output and coefficient width . what are they for kaiser window or how to calculate them??

ReplyDeleteThey are defined by users

DeleteHi Loi,

ReplyDeleteMình gặp lỗi này khi chạy simulation."File input101.txt could not be opened"

Mình đã download file input về nhưng chưa biết phải đặt vào thư mục nào để chương trình đọc được

Mình cần phải đặt vào đâu nhỉ?

Cảm ơn bạn!

Does anyone have a MATLAB program with this filter implemented that gives the same output? I tried creating FIR filter using coefficients from this project, but I am getting completely different output.

ReplyDeletewill it work on xilinx ise too?

ReplyDeletehi van. thank you for code.

ReplyDeletei have a doubt that you have applied text input through text bench, then how to apply it for fpga.